NASA, NOAA and the World Meteorological Organization today confirmed that 2019 was the second warmest year on record. It’s a tragedy when we hit the warmest decade. This news was followed last week by a similar announcement by the European Union initiative Copernicus Climate Change Service.
Other records have been broken in 2019. The warmest year has been in Europe since records began to be held. According to a study in the journal Advances in atmospherical science, it was the warmest year documented for the oceans. The NOAA confirmed last week was also the second wettest year in the US.
All of this indicates that climate change is changing the world. “Literally in real time, we’re feeling the effects of global warming,” a Stanford Earth sciences Professor, Noah Diffenbaugh, told newspapers this week at a news conference.
In 2019, land and sea temperatures are 43rd consecutive years above the global average. After 1880, all the five warmest years have passed after 2015. The pattern of more and more cooler temperatures and their consistency are important.
In the second half of the 19th century, fossil fuels have already warmed the planet to 1 degree Celsius above pre-industrial times. The 2015 Paris Climate Agreement agreed to curb warming by a 2 degree increase; however, experts have since estimated that by then 99 per cent of the world’s coral reefs would be destroyed and as a result of the rising sea levels 70 percent of the coastline would be diminished. By the end of the century, the World Meteorological Union has predicted the global warming rise by 3 to 5 degrees to the present carbon emission rate.